# Chapman theory

- 查普曼理论

*Atmospheric Sciences (English-Chinese) dictionary.
2014.*

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**Chapman–Enskog theory**— Chapman Enskog theory presents accurate formulas for a multicomponent gas mixture under thermal and chemical equilibrium. In elastic gases the deviation from the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution in the equilibrium is small and it can be treated as… … Wikipedia**Chapman**— Chapman, 1) [ tçapman], Frederik Hendrik af, schwedischer Schiffbaumeister, * Göteborg 9. 9. 1721, ✝ Karlskrona 19. 8. 1808; baute zahlreiche Kriegs und Handelssegelschiffe und förderte den Schiffbau durch Methoden zur Berechnung der… … Universal-Lexikon**Chapman , Sydney**— (1888–1970) British mathematician and geophysicist Born in Eccles near Manchester, Chapman entered Manchester University in 1904 to study engineering. After graduating in 1907, his interest was diverted into more strictly mathematical areas, and… … Scientists**Chapman–Robbins bound**— In statistics, the Chapman–Robbins bound or Hammersley–Chapman–Robbins bound is a lower bound on the variance of estimators of a deterministic parameter. It is a generalization of the Cramér–Rao bound; compared to the Cramér–Rao bound, it is both … Wikipedia**Theory of cognitive development**— The Theory of Cognitive Development (one of the most historically influential theories) was developed by Jean Piaget, a Swiss Philosopher (1896–1980). His genetic epistemological theory provided many central concepts in the field of developmental … Wikipedia**Chapman–Kolmogorov equation**— In mathematics, specifically in probability theory and in particular the theory of Markovian stochastic processes, the Chapman–Kolmogorov equation is an identity relating the joint probability distributions of different sets of coordinates on a… … Wikipedia**Chapman-Kolmogorov equation**— In mathematics, specifically in probability theory, and yet more specifically in the theory of Markovian stochastic processes, the Chapman Kolmogorov equation can be viewed as an identity relating the joint probability distributions of different… … Wikipedia**Chapman-Jouguet condition**— The Chapman Jouguet condition holds approximately in detonation waves. It states that the detonation proceeds at a velocity at which the reacting gases just reach sonic velocity (in the frame of the lead shock) as the reaction ceases.Chapman and… … Wikipedia**Chapman–Jouguet condition**— The Chapman–Jouguet condition holds approximately in detonation waves in high explosives. It states that the detonation propagates at a velocity at which the reacting gases just reach sonic velocity (in the frame of the lead shock wave) as the… … Wikipedia**Theory of computation**— In theoretical computer science, the theory of computation is the branch that deals with whether and how efficiently problems can be solved on a model of computation, using an algorithm. The field is divided into three major branches: automata… … Wikipedia**Chapman, Sydney**— ▪ British mathematician and physicist born Jan. 29, 1888, Eccles, Lancashire, Eng. died June 16, 1970, Boulder, Colo., U.S. English mathematician and physicist noted for his research in geophysics. Chapman was educated at Victorian… … Universalium